Kalim kashani, as one of the prominent Persian poets of Iran, was born in the 17th century. His birthplace was Hamadan but just after a short time he moved to the city of Kashan and therefore he was called Kashani as what we know these days. He started studying in Kashan as well as Shiraz just before moving to Deccan in India. Afterwards, he made friends with Shahnavaz Khan of Shiraz, one of the court officials to the ruler of Bijapur, Ebrahim Adelshah II. On his first trip to India, Kalim Kashani could not achieve a lot of success in what he was aiming for and he was imprisoned for a short period of time since he was accused of being a spy.
Kalim is best known for his ghazals (a form of amatory poem or ode in Persian literature). Semantic invention and varicolored imaginations have lent ethereality to his Ghazal. Proverbs and spoken terms which have opened the linguistic horizon of this era to the imagination realm of the public, is a tangible characteristic of his work. The inevitable insertion of Indian lexicon to mention careers, flora and flowers has painted a distinctive color onto his ghazals and poems through centuries. He has abundantly used allegory in his poems. Iterative rhyme and verses are but a few in his poems, so many that they conform the Persian Poetry format. Social critique of inequalities and sheer asceticism is felt within the context of his poetry.