The Lake Location
Kazeroon or Kazerun, located to the west of Shiraz, 1032 km from Tehran, with a rather hot climate and bearing different intensities, is one of the oldest cities of Iran. In the old times, the city of Shapur was more developed than Kazeroon; the ruins of which, today can be seen 20km away from Kazeroon. In 483-495 AD the city was developed as a result of the efforts of Firooz (son of Bahram the Sassanide) and at the time of Qobad (487-498 AD) it further developed and enlarged. Though there are many historical monuments in this city, yet one of its natural beauties, surely is the Parishan Protected Lake, situated at southeast of Kazeroon; more than this, another lake named Arzhan, carries also the similar traits; the collection of which, forms a whole protected area called “Arzhan National Park.” This serene heavenly area like a piece of gem decorating the whole region is an important sanctuary for birds. Lake Parishan & Dasht-e-Arjan, the two widely separated wetlands, are located at a high altitude in a closed drainage basin; both of which as permanent freshwater lakes subject to seasonal fluctuations in level, are fed by springs and seasonal streams. Parishan (Famoor) Lake is subject to fluctuating salinity depending on precipitation. These two lakes are fringed by marshes dominated by reeds, and are important staging and wintering areas for numerous species of migratory waterbirds. The area also supports a variety of nesting water birds including pelicans, Ardeidae (herons, bitterns, etc.), and ibises.
Parishan (Famoor) Lake In Particular
Due to its extraordinary tectonic features, Iran has quite a large number of lakes. While some of them are always filled, others are considered as merely dry basins for most of the year and are filled temporarily depending on seasonal conditions. The Parishan Lake, also known as Lake Famoor, located in Jereh and Baladeh District in Kazerun County of Fars Province, is the largest freshwater lake in the country with a surface area of approximately 45 square kilometers (17 square miles). Zagros Range surrounds the lake with a distance from 500 meters (1,650 feet) to 5 kilometers (3 miles) in between, and encompass a number of small caves on the summit of mount Famoor.Parishan (Famoor) Lake covers an area of 4300 hectares and is located 850 meters above the sea level. The Lake has been registered as an international wetland of Iran in the Ramsar’s convention; the main water sources of which, are the many small and big springs of Arzhan Plain and Famoor Plain, as well as the many springs at bottom of the lake which are another sources of water themselves. Working as a tourist magnet, this beautiful spot with this lake in particular, attracts a huge number of both domestic and international tourists each year. Many travelers of Iran and other countries earnestly come to this relaxing area to spend hours free of hustle and bustle of living in big cities. Fishing, walking and enjoying the outstanding nature around help you sensing the tranquility of the place, wash the very stains out of your mindset and calm yourself down.
Though within the seasons of spring and summer Parishan (Famoor) lake is calm and quiet, with the beginning of late fall wind flows it displays weeks of turbulence, hence the name; in Persian language Parishan means turbulent. Yet despite all these natural occurrences, no doubt, one of Iran’s favorite lakes is Parishan with the most eccentric sceneries and weather to visit. So do remember while exploring Fars Province, this region and especially this lake should be one of your first priorities. This lake has a sweet non-potable water. The existence of different fishes and their free life in the sweet water of which, has enhanced the beauty of the lake; that’s why this lake is used as a fish farm as well. Parishan (Famoor) Lake is not only one of the most beautiful attractions of Iran nature, but also one of the prettiest ones of the world.This biggest sweet water lake of Iran and the Middle East has a covering area of 4300 hectares; as like a piece of heaven provides a virgin ground for plants, fishes, and birds; among which, several species of birds are quite rare such as aquatics ones. In fact, this Lake is the habitat to more than 353 native and non-native birds and this issue by itself makes this place a really unique fabulous one. The non-native and migrant birds of the lake, from the very far distances of Cyberia, Canada and Denmark, fly toward Parishan (Famoor) Lake and at the end of the season, repeat this same trend once more but vice versa; i.e. they come back to their own place of living. The best time for visiting this amazing site is between winter to early spring when it is bloomed in herbs and plants, and a rare suitable case for photography and ornithology studies is provided for all eagle hearts.
The lake has a depth of no more than 5 meters (16 feet); the shallow waters of which, explain the decline in its levels on summer time. Yet fortunately once more facing the wet years of more rain, the experts yet hope a better condition for this lake and the other ones.While exploring this region and its very beauties, you may either decide to camping or staying in Pol-Abgineh village west of the Lake; anyway, spending a night in this serene nature will bring more than calmness and health, which is not but bless.Once decided to come to Iran for exploring its fantastic nature and fabrication, let us, IRANHRC, with a top-notch tour operating in Iran help you by our deep experience of tour tailoring. Through providing you with a great travel package, entailing all the necessary requirements of your trip to Iran, our guides with their deep knowledge and experience of all Iran destinations give you a hand to better explore this beautiful region and especially Parishan (Famoor) Lake.