Soltaniyeh situated in the Zanjan Province in Iran, some 240 km to the north-west from Tehran, used to be the capital of "Ilkhanid"The Ilkhanate, also spelled Il-khanate (Persian, Ilkhanan; was  breakaway state of the Mongol Empire, which was ruled by the Mongol House of Hulagu. The site Has been registered by UNESCO in 2005.

The central magnet of Soltaniyeh's several ruins is the Mausoleum of Il-khan known as Muhammad Khodabandeh, traditionally known as the Dome of SoltaniyehThe structure, erected from 1302 to 1312 AD, has the oldest double-shell dome in Iran. This erroneous view of the construction was made by Dieulafoy but is totally disputed by Andre Godard in Godard's view it is a normal, if spectacularly large dome, with a thin skin on top for the faience and is in no way a double dome. Its importance in the Muslim world may be compared to that of Brunelleschi's cupola for Christian architecture. It is one of the largest brick domes in the world, just at the theoretical engineering limit for a brick dome and the third largest dome in the world after the domes of Florence Cathedral The structure is the oldest double-shell dome in Iran. The dome is blue and is covered in turquoise blue faience. The inside roof of the rooms are decorated with colored bricks and plasterwork. There is a tall dome on each sides of the building which are about 120 meters each. On the upper part of the building, pavilions and rooms have been constructed. On the sides of the ceiling, Quranic verses and names of God have been written in beautiful manifest handwriting, which is both a symbol of Iranian art and also a sign of the submission of Iranians to the last divine religion.

Construction of the dome started in 1302 at the orders of Oljaytu in the Ilkhan capital and was completed in 1312, that is construction of the building took almost 10 years, ranking the structure among the biggest brick domes in the world.

Soltaniyeh situated in the Zanjan Province in Iran, some 240 km to the north-west from Tehran, used to be the capital of "Ilkhanid"The Ilkhanate, also spelled Il-khanate (Persian, Ilkhanan; was  breakaway state of the Mongol Empire, which was ruled by the Mongol House of Hulagu. The site Has been registered by UNESCO in 2005.

The central magnet of Soltaniyeh's several ruins is the Mausoleum of Il-khan known as Muhammad Khodabandeh, traditionally known as the Dome of SoltaniyehThe structure, erected from 1302 to 1312 AD, has the oldest double-shell dome in Iran. This erroneous view of the construction was made by Dieulafoy but is totally disputed by Andre Godard in Godard's view it is a normal, if spectacularly large dome, with a thin skin on top for the faience and is in no way a double dome. Its importance in the Muslim world may be compared to that of Brunelleschi's cupola for Christian architecture. It is one of the largest brick domes in the world, just at the theoretical engineering limit for a brick dome and the third largest dome in the world after the domes of Florence Cathedral The structure is the oldest double-shell dome in Iran. The dome is blue and is covered in turquoise blue faience. The inside roof of the rooms are decorated with colored bricks and plasterwork. There is a tall dome on each sides of the building which are about 120 meters each. On the upper part of the building, pavilions and rooms have been constructed. On the sides of the ceiling, Quranic verses and names of God have been written in beautiful manifest handwriting, which is both a symbol of Iranian art and also a sign of the submission of Iranians to the last divine religion.

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