Maymand is a self-contained, semi-arid area at the end of a valley at the southern extremity of Iran’s central mountains. The villagers are semi-nomadic agro pastoralists. They raise their animals on mountain pastures, living in temporary settlements in spring and autumn. This village has been continuously occupied for more than 3000 years and is thought to have originally been inhabited by sun-worshippers. The village consists of 2560 rooms in 406 cave homes dug in to the walls of a valley, though most are now uninhabited.

Its rich culture which consists of traditional life style, folklore, cuisine, costume, ….… in combination with its wonderful nature drew the world's attention, and as such, it has been inscribed as UNESCO's world heritage site in July 2015.

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