Kermanshah, also known as Bakhtaran, Kermanshahan and Ghahremanshahr is a city in and the capital of Kermanshah province that located in central west Iran.
The name is derived from the Middle Persian word Kirmānšāh (meaning king of Kerman).The languages spoken by the people is Kermanshahi Persian, Kermanshahi Kurdish and Laki. Kermanshah has a moderate and mountainous climate.
In ancient Iranian mythology, construction of the city is attributed to Tahmoures Divband, the fabulous king of Pishdadian dynasty.
However it is believed that the Sassanids have constructed Kermanshah. It was a glorious city in Sassanids period about the 4th century AD when it became the capital city and a significant health center as a summer resort for Sassanid kings.
Kermanshah sites include Kohneh Bridge, Bisotun Inscription, Tagh e Bostan, Temple of Anahita, Dinavar, Ganj Dareh, Essaqwand Rock Tombs, Sorkh Deh Chamber Tomb, Malek Tomb, Hulwan, Median Dakhme ( Darbad, Sahneh ), Parav Cave , Do-Ashkaft Cave, Tekyeh Moavenalmolk, Dokan Davood Inscription, Sar Pol-e-Zahab, Tagh-e-Gara, Patagh pass, Sarab Niloufar, Ghoori Ghale Cave, Khaja Barookh’s House, Chiyajani Tappe, Statue of Herakles in Bisotun Complex, Emad al Doleh Mosque, Tekyeh-e Beglarbagi, Hunters Cave, Jame mosque of Kermanshah, Godin Tape, Bas relief of Gotarzes II of Parthia, and Anobanini bas relief.