Located approximately 360 kilometers (224 miles) southwest of Tehran,
Hamadan (Old Persian: Hegmatana, Ecbatana) is the capitalcity of Hamadan province. It is believed to be among the oldest Iranian cities and one of the oldest in the world. Greek historian, Herodotus, states that it was the capital of the Medes, around 700 BCE.
Apart from its rich history, Hamadan has a wonderful nature. Alvand Mountain with 3,574- meter is the most important landmark of the city.
The special nature of this old city and its historic sites attract tourists during the summer. The main symbols of this city are Ganjnameh inscription, Avicenna (Abu Ali Sina) monument and Baba Taher monument. Other main sites in Hamadan are: Ali Sadr cave, Estakhr-e Abbas Abad– A lake with a magnificent view of the city, Tomb of Esther and Mordechai, Excavated Ancient Ecbatana city, Gonbad-e Alavian, Hamadan Museum of Natural History, Hamadan Stone Lion, Lalejin, etc.